Appalachia continues to dominate natural gas production in United States, EIA reports

March 31, 2023

Originally published in Pennsylvania Business Report. Written by Liz Carey.

Even as natural gas production grows across the United States, Appalachia continues to dominate production.

The latest report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration indicates the Appalachian region in the Northeast accounted for nearly a third (29 percent) of all natural gas production in the United States. And while U.S. natural gas production grew by 4 percent, Appalachian production growth slowed, the report said, due to no new pipeline takeaway capacity. No new pipelines came online in 2022, the report said.

In 2021, Appalachian gross natural gas withdrawals grew by 1.4 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d), but in 2022, that growth had slowed to just 0.1 Bcf/d, less than in 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic limited production growth.

In comparison, the Permian Region in western Texas and New Mexico accounted for 18 percent of U.S. production, with gross natural gas withdrawals rising by 2.6 Bcf/d to 21 Bcf/d. While the Haynesville region in Louisiana and Texas grew by only 2.0 Bcf/d to 15.3 Bcf/d. Gross natural gas withdrawals in the Eagle Ford region in Texas rose by 18 percent (0.9 Bcf/d), the first year it saw an increase since 2019.

Across the country, Appalachia, Permian, and Haynesville supply about 60 percent of all U.S. natural gas, similar to the production levels in 2021.